Motor Board

The kit can control multiple motors simultaneously. One Motor Board can control up to two motors.

Accessing Motor Boards

If there is only one motor board connected, you can use r.motor_board to interface with it.

motor_board = r.motor_board

When you have more than one Motor Board connected to your kit, they can be accessed based upon their serial number. Assuming your motor board has the serial number SERIAL:

motor_board = r.motor_boards['SERIAL']

This board object has attributes for each of the motors connected to it, named m0 and m1. The Motor Board is labelled so you know which motor is which.


Powering motors

Motor power is controlled using pulse-width modulation (PWM). You set the power with a fractional value between -1 and 1 inclusive, where 1 is maximum speed in one direction, -1 is maximum speed in the other direction and 0 causes the motor to brake.

r.motor_board.m0  = 1
r.motor_board.m1 = -1

These values can also be read back:

>>> 1

>>> -1

Setting a value outside of the range -1 to 1 will raise an exception and your code will crash.

Special values

In addition to the numeric values, there are two special constants that can be used: BRAKE and COAST. In order to use these, they must be imported from the robot module like so:

from robot import BRAKE, COAST


BRAKE will stop the motors from turning, and thus stop your robot as quick as possible.

BRAKE does the same as setting the power to 0.

from robot import BRAKE

r.motor_board.m0 = BRAKE


COAST will stop applying power to the motors. This will mean they continue moving under the momentum they had before.

from robot import COAST

r.motor_board.m1 = COAST

Sudden large changes in the motor speed setting (e.g. -1 to 0, 1 to -1 etc.) will likely trigger the current protection and your robot will shut down with a distinct beeping noise.